Leg pain is the outcome of one or many of the several traumatic and non-traumatic causes that lead to tissue inflammation, affecting the bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, blood vessels, nerves and skin. Some back ailment may also cause pain that may radiate to the legs. The anatomy of the legs consists in the skeletal structure made up of two major bones, femur or thigh bone and tibia, and also the fibula of the shin. Toes and feet are made up of tiny pieces of bones. Hip, knee and ankle joints are the major joints, and the joints are held in place by thick tissue bands known as ligaments. The bone heads meeting at a joint bears cartilages that allow a friction less and free range of motion for the two bones at a joint.
The muscles attached to bones with the help of tendons, contract, allowing movement of the joint. The major muscles include the buttocks, quadriceps or front of thigh muscles, hamstrings or back of thigh muscles and calf muscles or gastrocnemius. There are two sets of blood vessels: the arterial system supplying legs with oxygenated blood from heart and the venous system draining carbon dioxide loaded waste blood back to heart. Nerves from spinal cord carry signals from the brain to legs and from legs to brain, allowing purposeful movement and accounting for the sensations of pain, pressure, touch, temperature and position. Illness or injury can disturb any of these structures causing pain in leg
Causes of Leg Pain
1. Diabetic neuropathy or malfunctioning of nerves to legs. 2. Inadequate blood supply to leg muscles brought about by over exercise.
3. An injured muscles leading to stressed out joints.
4. Arthritic joints
6. Sciatica nerve pain radiating to legs from ruptured discs of spinal column.
7. Bone fracture
8. Lump formation
9. Nervous strain
10. Muscular contraction
11. Muscle tiredness
12. Shin splints
13. Sprain or straining of ligament
14. Bleeding into tissues and joints
15. Blood clots and varicose veins
16. Myalgia or muscle pain
17. Growing pain in pre-teens
18. Hamstring injury
19. Joint infection
20. Lacerations or tearing of skin due to ulcers caused by poor blood flow.
21. Imbalance of electrolytes in bloodstream leading to muscle cramps.
23. Vitamin deficiencies
24. Lack of water
Symptoms of Leg Pain
1. Sharp, dull localized ache or ache all over the legs.
2. Palpated ache
3. Burning sensation and crippling ache
5. Redness of skin
8. Tingling sensation
9. Feeling of heat or tenderness
10. Ache aggravating with rest or activity depending upon the cause.
Home Remedies for Leg Pain
1. Epsom salt bath relieves pain greatly.
2. One may eat hard shelled nuts to get relief from pain.
3. A cloth pad soaked in vinegar may be placed on the aching part of the leg to alleviate pain.
4. Rubbing ice blocks on legs takes off the heat and lessens pain.
5. Massaging legs downwards with heated mustard oil or coconut oil can relieve leg pain.
6. Soaking legs in warm water is the simplest home remedy for leg pain.
7. Drinking a glass of water squeezing the juice of one lemon in to it, and added with a pinch of salt can give relief from pain.
8. Pepper has analgesic properties, and improves blood circulation, lowering muscle cramps and leg pain.
9. One may take 3-4 walnuts in empty stomach. This remedy deals effectively with leg pain.
10. A mixture of fenugreek powder in water is an effective remedy against leg pain.
11. Mix three-fourth cups of saffron in water and drink it to lessen leg pain.
12. One may boil 3-4 cloves of crushed garlic in a tumbler of milk and drink it to treat leg pain.
13. Ginger is an effective remedy against muscular pain in legs.
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